Archiv der Kategorie: Allgemein

Sri Lanka Attacks Retaliation for Christ Church Attack

A series of eight devastating bomb blasts ripped through several luxury hotels and three churches holding Easter services in the Sri lanka cities of Colombo, Negombe and Batticaloa on Sunday, killing 321 people and wounding over 500.

The blasts hit the churches when they were full of worshippers who gathered for Easter services. Nearly all victims were Sri Lankans. Officials said the dead also included dozens of foreigners.

There were 50 killed at a shooting by an australian right wing terrorist on March of 15th 2019. A carbomb was found and controlled detonated. The security forces also found over 80 fuses.

There was no claim of responsibility, but Defence Minister Ruwan Wijewardene described the blasts as a „terrorist attack“ by religious groups.

„The preliminary investigations have revealed that what happened in Sri Lanka (on Sunday) was in retaliation for the attack against Muslims in Christchurch,“ Ruwan Wijewardene told parliament.

Two local Muslim organisation, National Thawheeth Jama’ath (NTJ) and Jammiyathul Millathu Ibrahim (JMI), has been linked to  the attacks on the Indian Ocean island which is also a highly recommended touristic target.

After the attack the government of Sri Lanka imposes a curfew and emergency law including pollarding the internet social networks like facebook, Snapchat, Viber and WhatsApp. At the last emergency law military have wide-ranged powers including the possibility to raid habits without court order and detain suspects months without charge. The government fess up, that they had indication that there was an attack planned but it wasn’t relevant enough to move.

https://www.tagesschau.de/multimedia/sendung/ts-30987.html

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/04/sri-lanka-attacks-retaliation-christchurch-deputy-minister-190423082847025.html

 

 

Griechenland und Polen diskutieren Reparationsforderungen gegen Deutschland

Griechenland verlangt Reparationszahlungen für 330.000 im 2. Weltkrieg getötete Griechen. Da staunte die Bundesregierung. Sie ist aber selbst schuld. Friedensverträge hätten schon längst ausgehandelt werden müssen. Das Kriegsende war 1945. Jetzt schreiben 2018. Das sind geschlagene 73 Jahre. Wir waren in der Lage alle möglichen Bündnisse zu vereinbaren und Verträge abzuschließen. Die Montanunion, EWG, EU, NATO, Rettungsschirme, Freihandels- und Emmissionsabkommen mit allen möglichen Staaten auf der Erde und Vereinbarungen über Entwicklungshilfe auf mindestens 3 Kontinenten.

Nur wenn es um die Friedensverträge für Deutschland ging wurden sofort alle Verhandlungen verschoben, vertagt, mittlerweile abgelehnt, weil die Wirtschaft und Politik derart verflochten sei, daß ein Kriegszustand nicht mehr gegeben sei und von Frieden ausgegangen werden könne.

Juristisch jedoch leben wir nach wie vor im Kriegszustand, vereinbart wurde nur ein Waffenstillstand, die territorrialen Ansprüche der BRD sind anerkannt. Ein Kriegszustand ist damit nach wie vor gegeben und aktiver Krieg könnte ohne weiteres durch einfachen Bruch des vereinbarten Waffenstillstands hervorgerufen werden.

Insofern hat auch das deutsche Volk ein Recht auf vereinbarten Frieden, einen aktiv bestehenden Friedensvertrag.

Meine Erfahrungen zeigen, dass derjenige, der aktiv ein Ziel anstrebt, die besten Erfolge erzielt. Auf die Friedensvereinbarungen angewendet bedeutet dies, dass die Regierungen der BRD fast ein dreiviertel Jahrhundert Zeit gehabt haben sich mit den Kriegsparteien an einen Tisch zu setzen, Friedensvereinbarungen aktiv zu anzustreben, die Siegermächte zu Verhandlungen aufzufordern, einen Friedensvertrag in den Parlamenten zu ratifizieren und damit die Reparationszahlungen selbst zu steuern. Damit wäre das Thema nachhaltig vom Tisch gewesen.

Es gab sogar eine Initiative, die sogenannten „Reichsbürger“, die nichts anderes wollten, als einen solchen Friedensvertrag und damit die juristische Anerkennung der BRD. Diese Bewegung wurde marginalisiert und anschließend kriminalisiert. Unter Obama hätte ein Friedensvertrag gute Chancen gehabt für alle Parteien, die BRD und die Siegermächte, positiv gestaltet zu werden. Aber die Regierung der BRD gab vor die Frage gestellt zur Antwort, daß ein Friedensvertrag nicht erforderlich sei.

In West-Deutschland regelte das Besatzungsstatut von 1949:

„Die Regierungen Frankreichs, der Vereinigten Staaten und des Vereinigten Königreichs wünschen und beabsichtigen, daß das deutsche Volk während des Zeitraums, in dem die Aufrechterhaltung der Besetzung als Notwendigkeit erachtet wird, das größtmögliche Maß an Selbstregierung besitzt, das mit der Besetzung vereinbar ist. Der Bundesstaat und die in ihm zusammengeschlossenen Länder sollen volle gesetzgebende, vollziehende und rechtsprechende Gewalt nach den Bestimmungen des Grundgesetzes und der Landesverfassungen besitzen und sind in der Ausübung dieser Gewalt nur den in diesem Statut vorgesehenen Beschränkungen unterworfen.“

https://www.konrad-adenauer.de/dokumente/vertraege/1949-04-08-besatzungsstatut

Bis 1990 war die Bundesrepublik Deutschland faktisch nicht vollständig souverän. Mit dem 2+4-Vertrag zur Deutschen Einheit (12.9.1990) erkannten die ehemaligen Alliierten des Zweiten Weltkriegs (Frankreich, Großbritannien, UdSSR und USA) die Bundesrepublik Deutschland völkerrechtlich an.

Der Vertrag über die abschließende Regelung in Bezug auf Deutschland legt fest:

  1. Die endgültigen mitteleuropäischen Grenzen und damit das Staatsgebiet des vereinten Deutschlands mit der Erklärung, dass Deutschland keine Gebietsansprüche an andere Staaten stellt.
  2. Die Begrenzung der Personalstärke der deutschen Streitkräfte auf 370.000 Personen mit der Erklärung, dass Deutschland auf die Herstellung, die Verfügung über und den Besitz von ABC-Waffen sowie auf das Führen von Angriffskriegen verzichtet.
  3. Eine Vereinbarung über den Abzug der sowjetischen Truppen aus Ostdeutschland bis 1994 und das Recht, Bündnissen anzugehören.

Damit wurde lediglich das neue Staatsgebiet der BRD anerkannt, der Möglichkeit der wirklichen Souveränität durch eine schlagkräfte Armee eine Absage erteilt. Die Bundesrepublik Deutschland hat sich lediglich gegenüber den Siegermächten abgesichert, dass diese das neue Staatsgebiet der Bundesrepublik Deutschland anerkennen. Dafür bestand absolute Notwendigkeit. Damit wurde höchste Kriegsgefahr abgewendet. Schließlich hätten die Russen die Wiedervereinigung als Vertragsverstoß gegen die vertraglich festgelegte alte Gebietsaufteilung Deutschlands werten und die DDR wieder zurückfordern können, auch auf militärische Art und Weise. Das Staatsgebiet der DDR stand damals vertragsrechtlich noch unter der Aufsicht von Russland.

Ein wirklich selbständiges Deutschland ist nach wie vor nicht gestattet. Und was machen die Deutschen, wenn die USA aus der NATO austritt?

Es war auch nicht die erste Erweiterung der BRD. Die Erste war im Jahr 1957, als das Saarland vertragsrechltich der Bundesrepublik Deutschland zugesprochen wurde.

Zum Staatsgebiet der Bundesrepublik Deutschland gehört auch das Küstenmeer. Die zweite war das 1982 in Kraft getretene Seerechtsübereinkommen der Vereinten Nationen. Es erlaubt jedem Vertragsstaat, die Breite seines Küstenmeeres bis zu einer Grenze von zwölf Seemeilen festzulegen.

Von dieser Möglichkeit hat die Bundesrepublik Deutschland mit der Proklamation der Bundesregierung über die Ausweitung des deutschen Küstenmeeres vom 19. Oktober 1994 (bekanntgemacht im 1994 I, 3428 ) für die Nordsee vollständig und für die Ostsee teilweise Gebrauch gemacht.

Die Grenzen zu seinen Nachbarstaaten hat die BRD durch einzelne Grenzverträge mit den Staaten geregelt.

https://www.bmi.bund.de/DE/themen/verfassung/staatliche-ordnung/staatsgebiet/staatsgebiet-node.html

Wenn Griechenland die Verhandlungen der Reparationszahlungen durchsetzt, könnten die USA im Rahmen der Fairness und Gleichbehandlung der Kriegsparteien nachziehen, zumal die USA als Siegermacht eine ganz andere Rolle spielte als Griechenland. Dann geht die größte Siegermacht auf Deutschland zu und stellt Forderungen, nicht mit einem eher wohl wollenden smarten Politiker, der sich mit der deutschen Regierung gut versteht, sondern mit einem Präsidenten, der auf eine für die USA „faire“ Behandlung achtet. Das UK ist heute nicht mehr Mitglied der EU, sondern mit der Festlegung des BREXIT bereits aus der EU ausgetreten. Dadurch, dass ein Staat innerhalb der EU, die ja Vereinigung anstrebt, Reparationen verlangt, schafft Griechenland eine Situation, die die bisherige Argumentation der deutschen Regierungen der letzten Jahrzehnte als falsch markiert. Die Staatswesen sind eben nicht durch bilaterale Verträge und der wirtschaftlichen Zusammenarbeit der Staaten selbst so verflochten, dass eine Forderung nach Reparationszahlungen unvorstellbar geworden ist. Auch die Unternehmensverflechtungen schützen offensichtlich nicht. Außerdem hat Griechenland im 2. Weltkrieg eine eher marginale Rolle gespielt. Durch das Verhalten Griechenlands könnten Staaten, die eine weit aus größere Rolle gespielt haben, die weit aus mehr verloren haben, die viel größere Schäden zu beklagen hatten, auf den Pfad geführt werden, ebenfalls mit Deutschland Verhandlungen über Reparationszahlungen zu führen. Zu diesen Staaten gehören bspw die Siegermächte Frankreich, UK und Russland, die  Auslandszahlungen sehr gut verwenden könnten. Die Siegermacht USA, hatten zwar keine Schäden im Heimatland zu verzeichnen, die von den Deutschen verursacht waren. Dennoch hatte die amerikanische Armee große Kosten zu tragen, musste sie doch um die halbe Welt fahren um in Europa aktiv werden zu können. In Europa gab es auch amerikanische Verluste, die in Rechnung gestellt werden können.

Eine Konstellation wie unter Barack Obama und Bill Clinton in Verbindung mit der Hochstimmung nach der Wiedervereinigung, der Perestroika und dem Boom durch die aufkommende Industrialisierung Chinas wird die Regierung der BRD so schnell nicht wieder vorfinden. Mit Staaten lässt sich in lang anhaltenden Boomphasen und einer Stimmung die globale Einheit favorisiert einfacher verhandeln als in Zeiten des wirtschaftlichen Abschwungs und des aufkommenden Nationalismus. Wenn Staaten in Zeiten finanzieller Not zu Reparationszahlungen auffordern, verhandeln sie zielstrebiger als in Zeiten des Überflusses.

Des weiteren überlegt die nationalkonservative Regierungspartei Recht und Gerechtigkeit (PiS) Polens seit 2017 mit Deutschland in Reparationsverhandlungen zu gehen.

Und es verjährt nichts. Wenn die Forderungen vor ein internationales Gericht kommen, dann gibt es auch das Prinzip der Staatenimmunität nicht mehr, das bisher gewirkt hat. Dann wird es für die Bundesrepublik nicht mehr ganz so einfach sein zu sagen, es ist alles erledigt.

Vielleicht erhöht es ja die Entscheidungsfreudigkeit zukünftiger Regierungen, wenn Art 59 i V m Art 65 GG in solchen Fällen Anwendung findet und die Regierung für ihr Verhalten zur Verantwortung gezogen wird.

Wikileaks founder Julian Assange under arrest

Wikileaks founder Julian Assange arrested after the government of Ecuardor had secluded the diplomatic asylum over sexual abuse in Sweden. In October 2018 the government of Ecuardor had regulated the possibilities of communication and the visitors. The reason was the disclosure of photos and videos of privat talks of the ecuardorian president Moreno, information about a purported offshore account controlled by the president’s brother. Personal photographs of Moreno lying in bed, as well as images of close family members dancing, were also leaked, further incensing him.

He harrassed his caretakers accusing them of being U.S. spies looking to exchange information on WikiLeaks in exchange for debt relief for Ecuador. His behavior became more and more erratic. The embassy members mor eand more sour. He was listening to loud music, driving scateboard at night and walking around in his underwear with no concern to others. Finally he smear his cack at the walls of the embassy showing his defiance about his caretakers.

Charity worker Jemima Khan, British-born wife of Pakistani cricketer and politician Imran and Film director Ken Loach offered to stand as surety for Mr Assange. Despite this, Mr Assange was denied bail because of potential flight risk.

India, USA versus China. Conflict or Cooperation?

China and India are emerging countries, are they?

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) defines: “emerging markets are typically countries with low to middle per capita income that have undertaken economic development and reform programs and have begun to ‘emerge’ as significant players in the global economy.”

But the IMF also acknowledges, “there are many ways to categories countries as emerging markets.” So the World Bank and the major financial institutions uses a different categorization.

What‘s left if we categorize with all the different criteria of the different financial instituts like market-oriented reforms, low to middle income, and significant players in the world economy are the following countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Russia, South Africa, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine and Vietnam.

A report from professional services giant PwC looks at which economies around the world will be the biggest and most powerful in the year2050.

10. United Kingdom — $5.369 trillion.

9. Germany — $6.138 trillion.

8. Japan — $6.779 trillion.

7. Mexico — $6.863 trillion.

6. Russia — $7.131 trillion.

5. Brazil — $7.540 trillion.

4. Indonesia — $10.502 trillion.

3. United States — $34.102 trillion.

2. India — $44.128 trillion.

1. China — $58.499 trillion.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/12/these-will-be-the-most-powerful-economies-in-the-world-by-2050

Today the ranking looks like following:

1. United States Nominal GDP: $19.39 trillion 
GDP (PPP): $19.39 trillion

2. China Nominal GDP: $12.01 trillion 
GDP (PPP): $23.15 trillion

3. Japan Nominal GDP: $4.87 trillion 
GDP (PPP): $5.42 trillion

4. Germany Nominal GDP: $3.68 trillion 
GDP (PPP): $4.17 trillion

5. United Kingdom Nominal GDP: $2.62 trillion 
GDP (PPP): $2.91 trillion

6. India Nominal GDP: $2.61 trillion 
GDP (PPP): $9.45 trillion

7. France Nominal GDP: $2.58 trillion 
GDP (PPP): $2.83 trillion

8. Brazil Nominal GDP: $2.05 trillion 
GDP (PPP): $3.24 trillion

9. Italy Nominal GDP: $1.93 trillion 
GDP (PPP): $2.31 trillion

10. Canada Nominal GDP: $1.65 trillion 
GDP (PPP): $1.76 trillion

https://www.investopedia.com/insights/worlds-top-economies/

The industry nations wonder if they had to support the development of China or India. Both countries are competitors on the market in many terms. And both countries are defined to be the world leaders of tomorrow pointing the USA to rank three.

But China of today has deficits in the financial infrastructure. It‘s role in international money transactions is very small. Most transactions are going through the USA followed by UK and BRD.

So China is looking for cooperation to expand and tries to match with the rules of institutions of abroad. But China does not match the ethnical standards of the western counties and it will not do so. China is still regained by the Communist Party which provides other standards than the West. But despite this differences of opinions China is very successfull with it‘s Road and Belt Initiative and it‘s Silk Road Project. With the Silk Road Project China has installed an institution for it‘s expansive foreign policy. It spans a transport system from China to West Europe and Afrika. It includes harbours, streets, railways and airports.

And there are big transnational monetary flows between China and the USA that allows US banks to invest internationally. To break the US hegemony China founded the AIIB ( Asian Infrastructure and Investment Bank ) which connect the asian market with Europe, USA and other countries.

With the AIIB China also tries to generate demand for it‘s domestic market. In 2016 the AIIB was invested in 30 projects with an volumina of 54bio US$, most of them prefinanced with support of japanese or european banks. It has 87 members, Germany is the biggest non-asian contributor and also member of the council of management. USA tries with pressure to avert the accession of many asian states. South Korea shouldn‘t access the AIIB by the threat that the USA wouldn‘t sell them the DSI System. But the USA sold them the DSI-System despite the accession to the AIIB. Japan is not in the AIIB until today.

As China was very successfull the last decades India lost it‘s hegemony and influence in the asian region. In the 1980‘s and 1990‘s US companies and financial institutes invest in India and built IT industry and support centers in the Goa region. Many hotlines in english language the people around the world use are from india, because of India‘s relatively high education by low income.

Different from China, India opens it economy for foreign investments in 1991. In 2000 India begann to support countries in the south, even India was a developing country with low living standard and a high powerty rate. India receives foreign aid from Germany, Russia, Japan, UK and USA. India doesn‘t accept development aid from other countries like these 5 states. But the development aid India contributed to other states 10fold from 1998 until 2018 to 850mio$.

www. India.budget.gov.in

India‘s development aid includes training of professionals and stipendium programms. It built up the Panafrikan E-network satellite and fiber glass network which connects India with 15 african countries and 5 african universities.

India provides also humanitarian aid to it‘s neighbors. A special role has Afghanistan which India supports with hundreds of small projects including water supply, agriculture and health care directly in the villages, so the people can use the advantage directly in their domiciliary. The parlament was built with the help of India and the ring road, which chains afghan cities and connect Afghanistan to Iran. India needs this connection to deliver exportables to Afghanistan without driving through Pakistan. With Pakistan India has a territorial, high tension conflict in Kashmir. Therefore India has a big interest to establish the trade route with Iran. So India‘s budget for Iran is 6% of it‘s development aid to built the harbour of Chabahar. Chabahar will also be the gate to Arabia and Africa. In 2016 India delived it‘s first wheat to Afghanistan. India builts also a dam, the dam fo friendship in Afghanistan.

India also supports the afghan military. First with training of afhan soldiers in India only. Since Modi is India‘s president the restictions are not so strong and India delivers lethal weapons to Afghanistan. It hopes that it can hamper that terrorist backtracks into Afghanistan after attacks in India. Also it can threaten Pakistan from two sides.

India copies successful projects of China. It founded in 2008 the Indian Africa Forum Summit that lean on the Forum on China Africa Cooperation established successfull in 2000 by the Chinese. In 2008 the Indians found not much interest but in 2015 there were 41 head of governments. India and Japan startet the Asian-African-Growth-Corridor which is a countermodell of the Road and Belt Initiative China‘s. It spans health care systems, medicine-, agrarculture-, nutrition projects, education and training and connects the indian harbours in the indian states of Gujarat and Taminado with Dschibuti, Kenya, Tanzania and the Gulf of Bengal. India assign credits to ECOWAS countries. And the West propagates that the social standards are better than the standards of the Road an Belt Initiative.

With this projects India become direct competitor of China. Also China is interested in good infrastructure and harbours in Iran as it delivers goods to Iran and assuage it‘s need for oil.

China has big iron ore mines in Afghanistan and also a big interest in a good infrastructure und political and economic ties.

As US waiver the sanctions against India because of it‘s aid to Chabahar harbour. Afghanistan wants to start its own fleet to drive over Chabahar harbour because the route costs 50% less than the route over the harbour in Karachi.

A waiver to this Iranian port by the US administration may be claimed as a vindication of Iran President Hassan Rouhani’s determination to give the development of this port to India, and not to China.

India must pay attention to its independency and not get involved in the inimical concurrency of the USA and China with it‘s high tension military occurences in the South China Sea. With it‘s neighborhood to China and the border conflict India could become the spearhead of the USA against China.

An economical cooperation between China and India could lead to real wealth and welfare in both countries as both countries together span over 36% of the world‘s population with a high demand in both countries.

Renault wants merging with Nissan and Fiat Chrysler

Renault is searching for new possibilities of merging with Nissan. The deal should be completed in the next 12 month the online-portal finanzen.net reports on 27th of march 2019.

After that merging Renault consider a fusion with Fiat Chrysler the Financial Times publishes in a report on Wednesday.

With a capitalisation valued at 20 bio € Fiat Chrysler will be difficult  stemmed by Renault alone. So Renault wants to deal with an alliance of Nissan and Mitsubishi.

Until now , Renault has a stake of 43,4% of Nissan and Nissan has 15% of Renault. Nissan also has 34% on Mitsubishi. The state of France has a stake in Renault.

Hochtief subdsidiary CIMIC Group signed Botswana Majwe mining joint venture

CIMIC-Group, subsidiary enterprise of Hochtief, communicates that it‘s subsidiary Thiess signed the the mining project Majwe. Thiess has an 70% interest in the 1,7 bio austr. $ joint venture with Bothakga Botswana. The project should last over 9 years. The project includes mining – services. Hochtief has an interest of 72,7% in CIMIC Group.

CIMIC Group is an highly experienced engineering-led construction, mining, services and public private partnerships leader working across the lifecycle of assets, infrastructure and resources projects.

It delivers the full spectrum of services, from feasibility, design, planning and investment; to manufacturing and construction; to operations, maintenance, upgrades and asset management; to rehabilitation and decommissioning.

And the conditions in mining sector are good and the pipeline of CIMIC Goup is full.

Profit of CIMIC Group increases by 11% to 781mio australian $, forecasting an amount between 720 and 780 mio australian $ in the last year. Revenue increased by 9%, the cashflow in operative business increased by 22%. The forecast for 2019 and 2020 is good. Woodside Energy has awarded a contract to CIMIC Group’s UGL as part of the latter’s joint venture with Cape at the Karratha gas plant in Western Australia. The contract will generate additional revenue to UGL of around $190 million and includes two further multi-year extension options. Karratha gas plant is central to Woodside’s proposed development of the Burrup Hub. The plant has a production capacity of 12,000 tonnes of domestic gas per day, with dry gas sourced from Scarborough, Browse and Pluto. The joint venture between CIMIC UGL and Cape will provide brownfields implementation services including planning and execution of work scope for mechanical, electrical and instrumentation, access, fire protection application, blasting and painting, cladding and insulation.The Karratha plant also includes five LNG processing trains, two domestic gas trains, six condensate stabilisation units and three LPG fractionation units. CIMIC UGL has provided services at Karratha since 2015.“

https://www.cimic.com.au/en

https://www.finanzen.net/nachricht/aktien/hochtief-tochter-cimic-ergattert-in-botswana-milliardenschweren-minenauftrag-7265069

Wirecards new customer: Home-center Segmueller

Wirecard has a new costumer. The german home-center Segmüller will allow Wirecard to process the invoice of its customers. The cashless process will be possible with smartphone or credit card. Wirecard will not only make available the payment-technology, it will be responsible for the complete payment.

The assetts of Wirecard are falling the last weeks although the revenue of the last quarter of 2018 increases by 36% to 637,5mio€ and the profit rose by 37% to 172,9mio€.

But reports of Financial Times and various lawyers, including Hagens Berman, say that Wirecard has misleaded investors by accounting bogus deals. The police raid the bureau of Wirecard in Singapure. Wirecard denies any wrong doing.

Hagens Berman is the counsel that has indicted several consolidated companies including the german car producers in dieselgate scandal.

Meanwhile the Bafin forbid Wirecard sell off positions because the assett has become to volatile.

Cardiac pacemaker could be used to kill patients by terrorists

Cardiac pacemaker amd insulin pumps send data of the patient to the doctor. They use the net of the mobile phones to do that. But this could be very dangerous for the patient who use such devices, because the devices could be hacked. A sophisticated hacker could kill that way by influencing the devices function.

Patient should rethink to use that sort of artificial intelligence.

Income And Equality In Societies

At 1000 AD there were different, separated economic systems and societies on the continents of the world. Scientific data shows, that the average wealth of this different systems was equal, but inside the systems the wealth was highly different. Today, we would say that the average income per capita in all societies globally was between 500 US$ and 600 US$.

Between 1000 and 1820 the population of the world quadrupled with an increasing average income by 50% per capita globally. In Europe the income doubled that time.

Between 1820 and 2000 the population in Europe sextoples with an increasing income by factor 9. In difference to the previous periods the average between the continents become more and more differential.

Today we have high distinctions between the income and infrastructure between the continents. Africa is the poorest continent with very small infrastructure. Many african nations don‘t have any railroad. The average density of the roadsystem in Africa is 6,84km per 100km². 80% of afrikan ships are older than 15 years. There is no realtime stock exchange in Africa. There are countries which have no stock exchange at all, other deliver the stock prices one time a week.

The gloabal average income between 2011 and 2014 develops as follows:

Undeveloped Countries Emerging countries Developed Countries
In Togo

  • 580 $ (2014)
  • 530 $ (2013)
  • 500 $ (2012)
  • 560 $ (2011)
In China:

  • 7.380 $ (2014)
  • 6.560 $ (2013)
  • 5.740 $ (2012)
  • 4.930 $ (2011)
In Australien:

  • 64.680 $ (2014)
  • 65.520 $ (2013)
  • 59.570 $ (2012)
  • 46.200 $ (2010)
In Tschad:

  • 1.010 $ (2014)
  • 1.020 $ (2013)
  • 740 $ (2012)
  • 690 $ (2011)
In Brasil

  • 11.760 $ (2014)
  • 11.690 $ (2013)
  • 11.630 $ (2012)
  • 10.720 $ (2011)
In United States of America:

  • 55.200 $ (2014)
  • 53.670 $ (2013)
  • 50.120 $ (2012)
  • 48.450 $ (2011)
In Nigeria:

  • 2.950 $ (2014)
  • 2.760 $ (2013)
  • 1.430 $ (2012)
  • 1.200 $ (2011)
In India:

  • 1.610 $ (2014)
  • 1.570 $ (2013)
  • 1.530 $ (2012)
  • 1.410 $ (2011)
In Great Britain and North Ireland:

  • 42.690 $ (2014)
  • 39.110 $ (2013)
  • 38.250 $ (2012)
  • 37.780 $ (2011)
In Südafrika:

  • 6.800 $ (2014)
  • 7.190 $ (2013)
  • 7.610 $ (2012)
  • 6.960 $ (2011)
In Marokko

  • 3.020 $ (2014)
  • 3.030 $ (2013)
  • 2.940 $ (2012)
  • 2.970 $ (2011)
In Germany:

  • 47.640 $ (2014)
  • 46.100 $ (2013)
  • 44.010 $ (2012)
  • 43.980 $ (2011)

Don‘t forget that the IWF marked China and India as the first and second strongest economy globally by 2050, USA ranked at third place. Asia is the continent with the fastest growing economies world wide.

At 1000 AD the economic unequality is 100% between the continents, in 1820 it is 80% between the continents and 20% locally within the continents, today it is only 40% between the continents and 60% locally within the continents. So the economic distinctions between the continents decreases with the time. At the same time the inequalities arise more and more within the continents between the nations of a continent and at least between the people within a country. Trigger of this development is an approximation of the regimes and the forms of economy also the approximation of the knowledge that is available for the economy and education of the people.

Another trigger is the Smartphone. No other device has such a fast distribution around the world like the smart phone. Not only in the developed nations the smart phone is an exigency but also in any other society like rural countries. Even indios in the bush have a smart phone, independently if they have other devices like washers, television or refrigerators. But the smart phone makes for them the world available and with this new experience the education approximates. The smart phone is a device which makes people more equal and increases knowledge in the poor countries. The frames the internet and the smart phones delivers to the users is made by the companies of the rich and developed countries. So with the smart phones the values and doctrines of the developed countries will circularise into the emerging and the undeveloped countries creating demand in the mind of the people and forcing economic development and changing in politics.

So the economic upcoming of China and India will converge the asian, american and european cultures. The smart phone will make the different cultures and values available for anyone.

The western countries, which outsourced the production lines for trimming the costs of production to China in the 1990‘s, made this economic boom of China possible. UN data shows that India has 1,354 mio people and the population of China measures 1,415mio people. That is summarised 2,769 bio people means 36,28% of the global population. This is an enormously potential for the economy specially because wide parts of the population in China and India have a big demand for goods. If the western nations want to participate on this demand they have to think about, how to deal with the cultural differences, to integrate the systems. It makes no sense to separate for economic, politics or job reasons. The people of China and India will demand to participate on the technical possibilities the industrialisation will allow them. And this will be a very big market.

Trump, Juncker and the China Tariffs

Early this year the US president Donald Trump has imposed tariffs on washers. In March tariffs on steel and aluminuim followed. As Donald Trump threatens with tariffs on cars and other products the situation escalates.

Today Donald Trump said he wanted trade with EU without tariffs at all. But why all this stories. Tariffs up, tariffs down and escalating trade negotiations?

China is an upcoming nation with a very succesfull history. It was the largest country with the biggest economy globally until the end of the 18th century. The invention of foundry technology and mass production, paper money and the calculator are devolopments of chinese people. After the two opium wars the chinese fall.

The last 30 years chinese economy finds traction, supported by western companies which finds cheap workers in China producing goods for the west. Western countries supports the situation which delivers cheap high quality and high tech products to their stores.

China becomes the production hub of the world. But with the production, also knowledge and development finds it‘s way into chinese companies. In old tradition of discipline and endurance chinese ingenieurs began to develope their own products. China of today is the second biggest economy with the most innovative industry globally. It‘s the leading country of solar technology and the leading chip producer globally. It‘s army has carriers and is the second strong behind the army of the USA. China is on the way to build its own space station and planing landings on the moon, plays a leading role in electro vehicles and 3D printing.

But all those developments are from a country that competes to the systems of the western states. China is still a communistic nation. Differences between the western nations and China are big. Cultural cooperation between China and the western nations are still difficult. The western countries can‘t integrate easily China into their cultural system. So USA has to defend itself to keep the world‘s leadership. The situation of China is better than the situation of USA. As USA starts to impose tariffs on chinese goods the chinese starts to buy companies or plants which produce the goods they wanted to import in EU and USA. For chinese this has a doubled effect. First they circumvent the taxes. The second effect is, that they can buy new technology and patents, so they can change production technology and demand fees for the licenses. So USA strengths the control of mergers with CIFIUS.

China has a lot of people with a big domestic demand. It has capacity enough to sell it’s goods to the own people. With the big population of India in the neighborhood the demand strengthens.

Also the financial situation looks better for the chinese.

The US debt is 105,42% of GDP, personal debt is up to 134% reaching 19 trio $ as GDP is more than 20 trio $.

 

The chinese government debt to GDP ratio for 2017 increases to 47,6% the last 20 years.

But it‘s corporate debt widens dramatically, so the banks had to regulate lending conditions. Chinese has to watch it’s bad loans related to corporate lending. Both the USA and China are widening the credit gap.

The chinese answer to taxes on goods for the USA was taxes on agriculture products from the USA. So the farmers of the USA were beaten. Today Donald Trump and Jean Claude Juncker made a deal that there are no tariffs on european cars and different other european products exported from Europe to the USA and that the EU widens the import of US soya products. „Soy beans is a very big deal.“: president Donald Trump remarks at the press conference after the meeting with Jean Claude Juncker. It looks like the USA wanted to start action against China with an old ally, the Europeans. Will Europe follow the course of USA?