Schlagwort-Archive: cars

Income And Equality In Societies

At 1000 AD there were different, separated economic systems and societies on the continents of the world. Scientific data shows, that the average wealth of this different systems was equal, but inside the systems the wealth was highly different. Today, we would say that the average income per capita in all societies globally was between 500 US$ and 600 US$.

Between 1000 and 1820 the population of the world quadrupled with an increasing average income by 50% per capita globally. In Europe the income doubled that time.

Between 1820 and 2000 the population in Europe sextoples with an increasing income by factor 9. In difference to the previous periods the average between the continents become more and more differential.

Today we have high distinctions between the income and infrastructure between the continents. Africa is the poorest continent with very small infrastructure. Many african nations don‘t have any railroad. The average density of the roadsystem in Africa is 6,84km per 100km². 80% of afrikan ships are older than 15 years. There is no realtime stock exchange in Africa. There are countries which have no stock exchange at all, other deliver the stock prices one time a week.

The gloabal average income between 2011 and 2014 develops as follows:

Undeveloped Countries Emerging countries Developed Countries
In Togo

  • 580 $ (2014)
  • 530 $ (2013)
  • 500 $ (2012)
  • 560 $ (2011)
In China:

  • 7.380 $ (2014)
  • 6.560 $ (2013)
  • 5.740 $ (2012)
  • 4.930 $ (2011)
In Australien:

  • 64.680 $ (2014)
  • 65.520 $ (2013)
  • 59.570 $ (2012)
  • 46.200 $ (2010)
In Tschad:

  • 1.010 $ (2014)
  • 1.020 $ (2013)
  • 740 $ (2012)
  • 690 $ (2011)
In Brasil

  • 11.760 $ (2014)
  • 11.690 $ (2013)
  • 11.630 $ (2012)
  • 10.720 $ (2011)
In United States of America:

  • 55.200 $ (2014)
  • 53.670 $ (2013)
  • 50.120 $ (2012)
  • 48.450 $ (2011)
In Nigeria:

  • 2.950 $ (2014)
  • 2.760 $ (2013)
  • 1.430 $ (2012)
  • 1.200 $ (2011)
In India:

  • 1.610 $ (2014)
  • 1.570 $ (2013)
  • 1.530 $ (2012)
  • 1.410 $ (2011)
In Great Britain and North Ireland:

  • 42.690 $ (2014)
  • 39.110 $ (2013)
  • 38.250 $ (2012)
  • 37.780 $ (2011)
In Südafrika:

  • 6.800 $ (2014)
  • 7.190 $ (2013)
  • 7.610 $ (2012)
  • 6.960 $ (2011)
In Marokko

  • 3.020 $ (2014)
  • 3.030 $ (2013)
  • 2.940 $ (2012)
  • 2.970 $ (2011)
In Germany:

  • 47.640 $ (2014)
  • 46.100 $ (2013)
  • 44.010 $ (2012)
  • 43.980 $ (2011)

Don‘t forget that the IWF marked China and India as the first and second strongest economy globally by 2050, USA ranked at third place. Asia is the continent with the fastest growing economies world wide.

At 1000 AD the economic unequality is 100% between the continents, in 1820 it is 80% between the continents and 20% locally within the continents, today it is only 40% between the continents and 60% locally within the continents. So the economic distinctions between the continents decreases with the time. At the same time the inequalities arise more and more within the continents between the nations of a continent and at least between the people within a country. Trigger of this development is an approximation of the regimes and the forms of economy also the approximation of the knowledge that is available for the economy and education of the people.

Another trigger is the Smartphone. No other device has such a fast distribution around the world like the smart phone. Not only in the developed nations the smart phone is an exigency but also in any other society like rural countries. Even indios in the bush have a smart phone, independently if they have other devices like washers, television or refrigerators. But the smart phone makes for them the world available and with this new experience the education approximates. The smart phone is a device which makes people more equal and increases knowledge in the poor countries. The frames the internet and the smart phones delivers to the users is made by the companies of the rich and developed countries. So with the smart phones the values and doctrines of the developed countries will circularise into the emerging and the undeveloped countries creating demand in the mind of the people and forcing economic development and changing in politics.

So the economic upcoming of China and India will converge the asian, american and european cultures. The smart phone will make the different cultures and values available for anyone.

The western countries, which outsourced the production lines for trimming the costs of production to China in the 1990‘s, made this economic boom of China possible. UN data shows that India has 1,354 mio people and the population of China measures 1,415mio people. That is summarised 2,769 bio people means 36,28% of the global population. This is an enormously potential for the economy specially because wide parts of the population in China and India have a big demand for goods. If the western nations want to participate on this demand they have to think about, how to deal with the cultural differences, to integrate the systems. It makes no sense to separate for economic, politics or job reasons. The people of China and India will demand to participate on the technical possibilities the industrialisation will allow them. And this will be a very big market.

Deutsche Post Streetscooter pickup feasible to become multi billion company

The increasing online-trading let the profit of the Deutsche Post grow, so Deutsche Post chairman Appel at the beginning of 2018. Some months later he disappointed the shareholders with the news that the profit growth is not estimated 10% but only 2%. There were also disappointing news from Deutsche Post customers that letters didn‘t find the customers and that parcels have to be picked up at a Post Office up to 15 miles away, as Deutsche Post closes offices, especially in the rural areas. At least Deutsche Post shocked it‘s shareholdes with a profit warning because Deutsche Post restructures the company away from letters to parcel service. This costs a lot of money, the management said.

As Deutsche Post was looking for an electric pickup which is able to deliver parcels with it it could‘t find one. None of the german car producers was able to deliver the company a suitable pickup because the german car producers didn‘t produce one electric car. So Deutsche Post developed an electric car on it‘s own, based on a Ford Chassis. The car was tested in Post‘s daily routine. This car is ready for serial production now. Today the Streetscouter is produced 1000 pieces per month. Customers of Deutsche Post which saw the car asked Deutsche Post where they can buy this car. When Deutsche Post recognized that there is very much demand for this pickup it opens a new factory in May 2018. Now a production of 20,000 vehicles pa is possible.

And this could be the beginning. Hamburg and Deutsche Post built a strategic partnership for better clima protection and better air in the city and signed an agreement. Deutsche Post wants to start with 70 Streetscooters Work XL in Hamburg. Similarily the City of Hamburg wants to increase the charging stations from 730 to 1,000. The major also guarantees that Deutsche Post get the capacity of electricity to charge their pickups. Hamburg will also build three new loading zones for electro pickups for Deutsche Post and other private companies.

This could be a modell with a domino effect. If cities built loading zones for electro-pickups and create more charging stations it is very likely that the demand for electro-pickups will increase. The result is increasing orders for Streetscooter Pickups. In a report of the renowned german economy magazine „Wirtschaftswoche“ the Deutsche Post chairman Mr. Frank Appel saw it feasible to create with Streetscooter a multi-billion-company. Streetscooter is the only German possibility to satisfy the demand of electro-pickups in Germany. And Deutsche Post shows the people that it‘s car function pretty good. Every time someone get a parcel a Streetscooter pickup arrives and signales: „I am aproved. You can buy me.“ That‘s the way you can convince customers. If you use your own product under industrial conditions so anyone can see.

But there is only one question. Why must Google, Deutsche Post, Hermes built their own electro cars, self driving cars or, like Hermes do, self driving robots? Is the very renowned german car industry not able to satisfy the demand of the customers? The Chinese are setting quotes for electro-cars on new cars and there are targets for gasoline free cities in the future. Audi and Porsche are discussing a Joint Venture to develop electro-cars for China. But there are many companies with electro-cars on the market making progress by watching the use of their products. This means they will be experienced if the German‘s will have their first prototype. And to buy high tech parts from companies abroad is the first step back to leave the top position.

China electrocars will increase lithium demand globally

China was Nr 1 in car production with 13.9 mio cars, followed from Japan with 8.31 mio and Gemany with 5.5 mio vehicles in 2010. In 2011 China produced with 14.485.326 cars 24% of the global car production. The global car production in 2011 was 59.929.016 pieces. In 2012 China produced 15.523.658 cars and in 2013 16.664.502 vehicles. The global production in 2012 was 63.069.541 pieces and in 2013 were 65,140,268 cars prdoduced globally.

For 2014 China is forecast to blow up the european car production of the EU.

According to Ma Kai, Vice Premier of the State Council, China concider to free green technology vehicles from the 10% vehicle purchase tax. That make sense as the new PSA Peugeot development will be oriented in electrocars. So China needs a national network of charging stations if the government truly seeks to bring electric vehicles to the market in large numbers.

If it is not a must, the car industrie demand the network from the government, as the industrie has a lot of electric and hybridmodels in productivity.

Also the production number of Indian car producers increases, making India to the world 6th largest car producer.

A net of charging stations implies a dependably energy net, that will demand copper and steel to build it. Also the need of Lithium will increase. One of the biggest lihium ressources is stored in Colombia. The Lithium price increased from 2010 to 2013 and is stagnant year-to-year. The forecast of the Tru Group Conference in 2009 is a quadruple Lithium consumptium from 2011 to 2020.

Nonethless the lithium and lithium chemical prices will stay stable, as the lithium status will be over-supply. There are too much companies and the as a number of new pipeline projects come on stream and the existing dominating low cost South American producers SQM, FMC and Rockwood (Chemetall-SCL) expand. So the customers won’t have an incentive to pay more for their lithium demand.