Schlagwort-Archive: China

Anti-Corona Protests in Berlin, Germany

In Berlin thausends of Protesters congregate to agitate against the corona measures legislated by the German government. There were no maks and the  rules for minimum distance between the people were ignored. They ignored the danger of the virus, some say Corona is something like a flu. The shields demand free life for free citizens.

At the end of the protest march the people gathered to a manifestation. The police assessed the situation and found that too many people without masks standing beside touching each other so that the rules of the government force them to stop the manifestation. The event was stopped without violence. After the rally members of the SPD party say that the event has to be stopped earlier, members of the AfD party see no reason to stop the event, because it was a peacefull event without breaking rules.

Markus Söder, CDU, say that there were different political trends on the rally, from extreme left wing to extreme right wing organisation beside each other. He demand the people to keep the  distance to the political enemy. Why that? Could this situation attract political danger?

It is astonishing how ignorant people could be in the view of the death toll of ignorant states like Italy, Brasil and USA. In the last days USA changed the course and reckognized the danger of the virus.

If I would be egoistic and selfish I would say that the virus most notably kill old people. If those party people ignore the danger they could die, disburden the retirement and pension funds, so that my retirement will be firmed if the pandemy has a new superspread with a hihg death toll.

Source: tagesschau.de 08.02.20

Source: tagesschau.de  08.03.20

Corona death ratio shows that western states are behind Asia

On the list of the John Hopkins University the eleven states of the states with the highest corona death ratio ( death per population ) are Europe and the USA, followed by 5 South American states, including Brazil and Mexico. The states with the lowest corona death ratio is splitted into Asian and African states.

USA is on rank 9 with 39.72 people per 100.000 capita, China is on rank 131 with 0,33 deaths per 100.000 capita, India on rank 87 with 1,46 deaths per 100.000 capita. Taiwan has a death ratio of 0,03 peaple per 100.000 of it‘s citizens.

Both China and Taiwan closed the borders and shut down it‘s businesses consistently with full respect to their citizens and without respecting the businesses. Health care was the highest interest. So the death rate is very low and the economy would go on if there weren‘t the risks of other countries which doesn‘t sniff at the real corona risk.

There must be a reason why the asian states have a very much lower death rate than the western. Perhaps it is the same reason, why China could become on rank 2 in world bank raking within 25 years, after it has been very undeveloped and economically on Carey Street for several decades.

What’s concerning the African States is that the population is very young so there is a very lower death ratio than in the European states and USA. But this means that corona relieves the pension funds of the western states in a status where the baby boomer generation reach retirement.

The table where you will find the data I used

https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/data/mortality

is valued on 07th of July 2020.

Last studies emerge that Corona infected persons will not be impervious to new corona infects, most notably if the infects has no remarkable symptoms. If this is true the vaccination will have no or less impact. And no one will be sure that he/she/it will not be infected again. And remeber Corona could be a deadly infection.

https://www.spektrum.de/news/covid-19-infiziert-aber-nicht-immun/1749904?utm_source=pocket-newtab-global-de-DE

India lure China industrial investments

The Global Times announced that the Serum Institute of India would jointly develop a Covid-19 vaccine, with the University of Oxford. The Global times concluded: “India is known for its scientific research in medicine development. High production and low prices in its vaccine production capacity are two advantages that make the South Asian nation a good partner in vaccine research and development”.

Even there are border clashes between Indian and Chinese troops in the Ladakh and Sikkim region, China is India‘s biggest trading partner.

The bilateral trade between India and China amounted a total of $95,5 bio and an increasingly unsustainable trade deficit for India of $57.86 billion in 2018. Industrial and infrastructure investment bougth India from China, India delivers commodities and raw materials, but also machines, electrical equipment and plastics to China.

China also invests in Indian energy and transportation sector. Chinese companies have pledged investments of $3 billion in wind and solar energy development, in India. But it is the telecom sector that has seen the largest Chinese presence in India, where the four Chinese companies Xiaomi, Oppo, Vivo and OnePlus dominate the Indian market. They control 51% of India’s $8 billion plus smartphone market.

The Chinese do not transfering knowledge, knowhow, technology, spares, or even maintenance instructions, for their projects. So the trading partners are living in dependence to the chinese companies. All this indicates that Chinese multinational companies will become a major threat to Indian companies in a few years.

Anyhow the German sold Kuka to the chinese Midea Group.

But now India is on the way to lure companies away from China. Bloomberg reports that a 461,589-hectare land pool will be designated for manufacturers. Already, manufacturers from the U.S., China, Japan and South Korea have reportedly expressed interest in investment. India especially favoured investments in the garment sector. This will support the Chinese development from a production hub of cheap products to a high quality producer and a service hub.

“We have the advantage of coastline and ready-made industrial parks with necessary clearance. We are focusing on certain sectors like IT and related manufacturing, food processing, and chemicals and have been holding video conferences with investors,” Rajat Bhargava, special chief secretary of the state’s revenue department, told Bloomberg.

The chance of success is very good as manufacturers from the U.S., China, Japan and South Korea have reportedly expressed interest in investment, so a bloomberg report.

For the western countries the project is from strategic interest to get control into the asian continent. India is a neighbor state of China. Both states unite with 1,4bio people each nearly 40% of the worlds population and more than 50% o fglobal demand. There are many chinese and indians abroad. All those will back the products of their country of origin. If both states will work together the western nations will loose their influence and position in the world. And both states have a lot to do. Even china is ranked at second position in world bank ranking the position in human development index (HDI) is at rank 85. that means that there is a high demand to increase life expectancy, education and income. And this means there is a big domestic market. If they will get the resources they need they will have a lot of work to meet the demand of their own people. And this means that the companies will survive, even if USA or Europe will sanction chinese products.

This development will endanger Europe much more than the Americans, as Europe will fall back to third rank in the continental ranking of world bank and could also its leading position in the human development index (HDI).

Corona, Job Losses And Economy

Fincial Times wrote in November of 2012 that the biggest Swuiss bank, UBS, plans to lay off 10,000 jobs, 1/6 of it‘s global work force.

The renowned German economy newspaper „Handelsblatt“ wrote on 8th of September 2019 that there were 30,000 job cuts in investment banking sector globally straight to recession risk, regulation and digitising.

Bloomberg reports that UBS has implemented a new regulation that hiring of one backoffice employee will be only possible in exchange for 5 employees who left the company, so Handelsblatt wrote.

The VW daughter Audi plans 10,000 job cuts to reduce costs and to begin to restructure the company to produce more electro-cars.

VW plans 5,000 to 7,000 job cuts to increase the profit to 5.9bio € pa by 2023 and automatization ratio.

The renowned german newspaper BILD reported an 09th of October 2020 that BMW plans to shrink the production and salary significantly. All every 74 seconds one new BMW car will be produced instead of 69 seconds before. On 13th of February 2020 Merkur reported that 17 weeks the production will be delayed because of corona virus.

Lufthansa chief Carsten Spohr said on rp-online that on 24th of April 2020 he will cut the work force by 10.000 employees. Lufthansa has to fight with strike waves in the recent 2 years as it‘s work force demand signifcantly more salary. Millions of passengers have ot switch their flights to other airlines which shrink the profit of Lufthansa signifcantly. The German government bought 20% of Lufthansa assetts to give Lufthansa the necessary liquidity and defend the company from merging and aquisition. German government also have bought an option for 5% and 1 assett more to receive the veto right if an aquisition threatens.

Procter and Gamble has announced in August of 2018 that with a globally workforce decreasing from 121,000 people in 2013 to 92.000 people in 2018, the number of jobs at the company is at an all-time low.

The German chemistry conglomerate Bayer will cut 1 in 7 of its 32,000 jobs in Germany. The company is undergoing a massive restructuring as it faces legal and financial tests. ( Source dw.com, 9th of April 2019 ).

The German car parts giant Continental prefigure the loss of 5,500 jobs by 2028 to save 500mio€ annually.

https://www.thelocal.de/20191120/german-car-parts-giant-continental-confirms-it-will-slash-5500-jobs

On May 17 2019When the Austrian billionaire and investor René Benko is taking complete control over the major German department store chain Galeria Karstadt Kaufhof, the union Verdi and the company works councils signed an agreement and redundancy plan to slash 2,000 full-time jobs—1,000 management and administrative staff (mainly in the old Kaufhof headquarters in Cologne) and another 1,000 full-time jobs in shops. The decision will result in more branch closures and cuts to jobs and wages.

https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2019/06/15/kauf-j15.html

Marketwatch announced on Feb. 26, 2019 that General Electric Co. disclosed that it shed 30,000 workers last year as the conglomerate restructured its operations and sold off some business lines.

On 1 of February, 2019 CNBC announced that General Motors offered buyots to 17,700 employees in November 2019 while expecting to 4,000 invountary job cuts.

In a report on first of October 2019 dw.com announced that 2600 employees at the Opel factory in Germany’s Rüsselsheim will be working reduced hours for six months. The company is struggling long time as it‘s car sales has been very low. The french car conglomerate PSA has aquired and restructures the company. Opel makes now profit again. The corona crisis could bring it to losses again so there will be some government compensation for affected workers, including partial, untaxed pay from unemployment insurance.

The global economy has a period of 10 years of booming economy behind with indexes rising to all time highs. A correcting scenario was overdue. All those measures affecting the labour market are not caused by Corona virus but caused by market correction. And more, the new technologies will further affect the market. In USA the agriculture industry use self working agriculture devices like combine harvesters, tractors and so on. In Europe those devices are not in use. The robotic technologies will develop to serial production. Will this technology be in common use the workforce will shrink again, also with or without a corona pandemic szenario.

If we learn to think not in those old doctrines like capitalism, communism, mercantilism but in the fortunes which every of these old systems have, we could have the posibility to learn a new system within a content life will be possible. The free market is an illusion. We have to much regulation in each sector. Communism is also deprecated in the times of lean production and just-in-time delivery. And capitalism pushes the envelope. Civilisations which are not able to assimilate with the requirements will be melted and supplanted by an other, perhaps the West by the Asian, the USA by the Chinese.

Award for Baby owl rescue

Teng Qianguo, a villager in northwest China’s Gansu Province,  saved an Eurasian eagle owl chick.  On his way home he found the chick on the floor. It has dropped from its nest on a stormy day. He  took it home and made sure that it survived. Then he contacted the Ganzhou District Wildlife Protection Station for professional help.

Teng was awarded a certificate of honor for his kindness.The Eurasian eagle owl is one of the largest species of owls and under second-class state protection in China.

Source: cgtn.com

An adult eagle owl could be 30 inches high and could has a wingspan up to 6ft 2in.

Source: Wikipedia.org

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US Iran Sanctions Could Lead to Inflation Jump

Iran could see inflation jump to the highest level since 1980, according to the International Monetary Fund. The Islamic Republic faces tighter U.S. oil sanctions. Target is also the financial sector. The US president Donald Trump, on 09th of May 2019, announces also to sanction the mining sector.

China and India are the biggest trading partners of Iran.

China’s crude imports  climbed to a record of 43.73 million tons of crude in April, or 10.68 million barrels a day, according to Bloomberg calculations based on data from General Administration of Customs in Beijing. That’s the most since 2010. China was a waiver. It stock up on Iranian oil before exemptions from U.S. sanctions expired on May 2 offset the effect of maintenance shutdowns by local refiners. The Chinese refineries boosted Iranian oil imports before their status changed on 2th of May, 2019, when sanctions became operative.

India is not able to abstain from Iran oil. After India received the sanctions waiver status, only state-run Indian Oil Corp, Bharat Petroleum Corp, Hindustan Petroleum and Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals have been buying Iranian oil lower than 500.000 bpd. that Iran was hoping to sell to its second-biggest oil client after China. Indian refiners raised purchases from Iran in April-October 2018, drawn to almost free shipping and extended credit offered by Tehran to boost sales and cut the Iran oil imports by 40% at about 313,400 bpd.

It normally takes 22 days for Iranian cargoes to arrive in China, so shipments are likely to drop significantly for May arrivals as observed exports from the Islamic Republic fell 67 percent in April from March.

But there is much more than oil affected by the sanctions. Iran has a viral car industrie producing about 1.1 to 1.5 mio cars yearly. The car industrie and automotive makes 10% of Iran GDP. Iran Khodro is the largest car manufacturer in the Middle East.

China’s crude imports  climbed to a record of 43.73 million tons of crude in April, or 10.68 million barrels a day, according to Bloomberg calculations based on data from General Administration of Customs in Beijing. That’s the most since 2010. China was a waiver. It stock up on Iranian oil before exemptions from U.S. sanctions expired on May 2 offset the effect of maintenance shutdowns by local refiners. The Chinese refineries boosted Iranian oil imports before their status changed on 2th of May, 2019, when sanctions became operative.

India is not able to abstain from Iran oil. After India received the sanctions waiver status, only state-run Indian Oil Corp, Bharat Petroleum Corp, Hindustan Petroleum and Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals have been buying Iranian oil lower than 500.000 bpd. that Iran was hoping to sell to its second-biggest oil client after China. Indian refiners raised purchases from Iran in April-October 2018, drawn to almost free shipping and extended credit offered by Tehran to boost sales and cut the Iran oil imports by 40% at about 313,400 bpd.

It normally takes 22 days for Iranian cargoes to arrive in China, so shipments are likely to drop significantly for May arrivals as observed exports from the Islamic Republic fell 67 percent in April from March.

But there is much more than oil affected by the sanctions. Iran has a viral car industrie producing about 1.1 to 1.5 mio cars yearly. The car industrie and automotive makes 10% of Iran GDP. Iran Khodro is the largest car manufacturer in the Middle-East. It has established joint-ventures with foreign partners on 4 continents. The raw materials and parts supply must be secured if Iran want to hold it‘s status in Arabia and serve the demand of cars and parts. The maintaining of the cars must be guaranteed.

An oil pipeline in the Iranian province of Khuzestan exploded yesterday Iran’s state news agency IRNA reported. The cause of the blast was accidental, according to media reports. The existing pipelines have to be maintained or explosions could become more frequently. It was the second blast in the last two months.

As Iran Business News in September 2018 reported has an Iranian petrochemical company achieved the technical know-how to make special catalysts used for gasoline production, making Iran the world’s second producer of such advanced component and helping it earn as much as $60 billion a year in export revenue. Iran is now the second country in the world, after the US, that makes such high-tech catalysts, he added, noting that 9 Iranian refineries and 11 petrochemical plants have begun to use the homegrown catalysts.The new technology helps Iran save around $1 billion each year, reduce the sale of crude oil, and reap $60 billion in profit per annum through exports, Sobhani added. He said Iran’s daily production of Euro 4 and Euro-5-compliant gasoline using domestically-made catalysts stands at 96 million liters, saying such achievement has made the country invulnerable to gasoline-related sanctions.

Catalysts are major components of gasoline isomerization process during which low-octane oil fractions are turned into high-octane commercial gasoline. Iran is in direct competition to USA in a multi billion $ market with this product.

the Islamic Republic faces tighter U.S. oil sanctions coupled with a weakening currency

And thats not all. The Iranian industries includes energy and petrochemicals, mining, automakers and -parts, energy and petrochemicals, banking and financial services, steel, communications, insurance, utilities and infrastructure, transportation, beverage and food, construction and building materials, retailers, pharmatceutical, industrial equipment and machinery, computers and electronics, paper and wood, shipbuilding, aerospace and defense, Internet Service Provider and telecommunication, apparel, footwear and textiles, hospitality, IT sector, ćonsumer goods, Toruism, railway and road maintaining. And of course it has its own Airline, Media and Entertainment.

If all this sectors should function the supply chain and the maintaining has to be secured. Iran will do anything to escape isolation. India has high interest to elaborate it‘s economic and political relations to Iran as India invests 6% of it‘s aid to Iran to built the harbour in Chabahar. India wants to secure with the harbour in Chabahar it‘s trade with Afghanistan without transporting goods through Pakistan. Chabahar will be also the gate to Africa. Also China is involved in infrastructure projects in Iran in line with it‘s road and belt initiative and Iran has colaborations with different international conglomerates. So Iran’s National Petrochemical Company (NPC) and the China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation (CPCIF) signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) for construction of a petrochemical park in Iran by Chinese companies. Also European companies are involved in planning and construction new plants.

And what‘s about the money for licenses?

Iranian companies like PRTC seeks innovation and development by establishing new ties with international companies. In 2017 PRTC had inked 8 memoranda of understanding (MoUs) and deals with foreign partners including chemical giants like BASF, Axens and IFP for cooperation on various petrochemical and projects. The MoU with Axens and IFP concern licensing new technologies, production of items based on the latest technologies like catalysts, absorbents and additives, cooperation in designing processes, construction of catalysts and jointly developing and marketing technical savvy in petrochemical industry.

Iran is an upcoming nation. World economic forum forecast ranking Iran on 17th with a GDP of 3.900 trio $ annually by 2050.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/12/these-will-be-the-most-powerful-economies-in-the-world-by-2050

The US administration has announced a series of new sanctions against Iran, aimed at driving its oil exports down to zero. But Iran is no less developed country and much more than oil. And USA are sanctionising not only the oil sector.

With the new US threat and the aggression of Israel Iran could feel to be forced to take action against it‘s enemies. The European nations, India and China have to decide if they support an Iran with mid range rockets and atomic bombs, rockets which can reach their mainland. China has to fight an US threat by themself. It can win an ally.

iddle-East. It has established joint-ventures with foreign partners on 4 continents. The raw materials and parts supply must be secured if Iran want to hold it‘s status in Arabia and serve the demand of cars and parts. The maintaining of the cars must be guaranteed.

An oil pipeline in the Iranian province of Khuzestan exploded yesterday Iran’s state news agency IRNA reported. The cause of the blast was accidental, according to media reports. The existing pipelines have to be maintained or explosions could become more frequently. It was the second blast in the last two months.

As Iran Business News in September 2018 reported has an Iranian petrochemical company achieved the technical know-how to make special catalysts used for gasoline production, making Iran the world’s second producer of such advanced component and helping it earn as much as $60 billion a year in export revenue. Iran is now the second country in the world, after the US, that makes such high-tech catalysts, he added, noting that 9 Iranian refineries and 11 petrochemical plants have begun to use the homegrown catalysts.The new technology helps Iran save around $1 billion each year, reduce the sale of crude oil, and reap $60 billion in profit per annum through exports, Sobhani added. He said Iran’s daily production of Euro 4 and Euro-5-compliant gasoline using domestically-made catalysts stands at 96 million liters, saying such achievement has made the country invulnerable to gasoline-related sanctions.

Catalysts are major components of gasoline isomerization process during which low-octane oil fractions are turned into high-octane commercial gasoline. Iran is in direct competition to USA in a multi billion $ market with this product.

And thats not all. The Ir

China an d India are the biggest trading partners of Iran.

China’s crude imports climbed to a record of 43.73 million tons of crude in April, or 10.68 million barrels a day, according to Bloomberg calculations based on data from General Administration of Customs in Beijing. That’s the most since 2010. China was a waiver. It stock up on Iranian oil before exemptions from U.S. sanctions expired on May 2 offset the effect of maintenance shutdowns by local refiners. The Chinese refineries boosted Iranian oil imports before their status changed on 2th of May, 2019, when sanctions became operative.

India is not able to abstain from Iran oil. After India received the sanctions waiver status, only state-run Indian Oil Corp, Bharat Petroleum Corp, Hindustan Petroleum and Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals have been buying Iranian oil lower than 500.000 bpd. that Iran was hoping to sell to its second-biggest oil client after China. Indian refiners raised purchases from Iran in April-October 2018, drawn to almost free shipping and extended credit offered by Tehran to boost sales and cut the Iran oil imports by 40% at about 313,400 bpd.

It normally takes 22 days for Iranian cargoes to arrive in China, so shipments are likely to drop significantly for May arrivals as observed exports from the Islamic Republic fell 67 percent in April from March.

But there is much more than oil affected by the sanctions. Iran has a viral car industrie producing about 1.1 to 1.5 mio cars yearly. The car industrie and automotive makes 10% of Iran GDP. Iran Khodro is the largest car manufacturer in the Middle-East. It has established joint-ventures with foreign partners on 4 continents. The raw materials and parts supply must be secured if Iran want to hold it‘s status in Arabia and serve the demand of cars and parts. The maintaining of the cars must be guaranteed.

An oil pipeline in the Iranian province of Khuzestan exploded yesterday Iran’s state news agency IRNA reported. The cause of the blast was accidental, according to media reports. The existing pipelines have to be maintained or explosions could become more frequently. It was the second blast in the last two months.

As Iran Business News in September 2018 reported has an Iranian petrochemical company achieved the technical know-how to make special catalysts used for gasoline production, making Iran the world’s second producer of such advanced component and helping it earn as much as $60 billion a year in export revenue. Iran is now the second country in the world, after the US, that makes such high-tech catalysts, he added, noting that 9 Iranian refineries and 11 petrochemical plants have begun to use the homegrown catalysts.The new technology helps Iran save around $1 billion each year, reduce the sale of crude oil, and reap $60 billion in profit per annum through exports, Sobhani added. He said Iran’s daily production of Euro 4 and Euro-5-compliant gasoline using domestically-made catalysts stands at 96 million liters, saying such achievement has made the country invulnerable to gasoline-related sanctions.

Catalysts are major components of gasoline isomerization process during which low-octane oil fractions are turned into high-octane commercial gasoline. Iran is in direct competition to USA in a multi billion $ market with this product.

And thats not all. The Iranian industries includes energy and petrochemicals, mining, automakers and -parts, energy and petrochemicals, banking and financial services, steel, communications, insurance, utilities and infrastructure, transportation, beverage and food, construction and building materials, retailers, pharmatceutical, industrial equipment and machinery, computers and electronics, paper and wood, shipbuilding, aerospace and defense, Internet Service Provider and telecommunication, apparel, footwear and textiles, hospitality, IT sector, ćonsumer goods, Toruism, railway and road maintaining. And of course it has its own Airline, Media and Entertainment.

If all this sectors should function the supply chain and the maintaining has to be secured. Iran will do anything to escape isolation. India has high interest to elaborate it‘s economic and political relations to Iran as India invests 6% of it‘s aid to Iran to built the harbour in Chabahar. India wants to secure with the harbour in Chabahar it‘s trade with Afghanistan without transporting goods through Pakistan. Chabahar will be also the gate to Africa. Also China is involved in infrastructure projects in Iran in line with it‘s road and belt initiative and Iran has colaborations with different international conglomerates. So Iran’s National Petrochemical Company (NPC) and the China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation (CPCIF) signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) for construction of a petrochemical park in Iran by Chinese companies. Also European companies are involved in planning and construction new plants.

And what‘s about the money for licenses?

Iranian companies like PRTC seeks innovation and development by establishing new ties with international companies. In 2017 PRTC had inked 8 memoranda of understanding (MoUs) and deals with foreign partners including chemical giants like BASF, Axens and IFP for cooperation on various petrochemical and projects. The MOU with Axens and IFP concern licensing new technologies, production of items based on the latest technologies like catalysts, absorbents and additives, cooperation in designing processes, construction of catalysts and jointly developing and marketing technical savvy in petrochemical industry.

Iran is an upcoming nation. World economic forum forecast ranking Iran on 17th with a GDP of 3.900 trio $ annually by 2050.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/12/these-will-be-the-most-powerful-economies-in-the-world-by-2050

The US administration has announced a series of new sanctions against Iran, aimed at driving its oil exports down to zero. But Iran is no less developed country and much more than oil. And USA are sanctionising not only the oil sector.

With the new US threat and the aggression of Israel Iran could feel to be forced to take action against it‘s enemies. The European nations, India and China have to decide if they support an Iran with mid range rockets and atomic bombs, rockets which can reach their mainland. China has to fight an US threat by themself. It can win an ally.

anian industries includes energy and petrochemicals, mining, automakers and -parts, energy and petrochemicals, banking and financial services, steel, communications, insur

the Islamic Republic faces tighter U.S. oil sanctions coupled with a weakening currency

ance, utilities and infrastructure, transportation, beverage and food, construction and building materials, retailers, pharmatceutical, industrial equipment and machinery, computers and electronics, paper and wood, shipbuilding, aerospace and defense, Internet Service Provider and telecommunication, apparel, footwear and textiles, hospitality, IT sector, ćonsumer goods, Toruism, railway and road maintaining. And of course it has its own Airline, Media and Entertainment.

If all this sectors should function the supply chain and the maintaining has to be secured. Iran will do anything to escape isolation. India has high interest to elaborate it‘s economic and political relations to Iran as India invests 6% of it‘s aid to Iran to built the harbour in Chabahar. India wants to secure with the harbour in Chabahar it‘s trade with Afghanistan without transporting goods through Pakistan. Chabahar will be also the gate to Africa. Also China is involved in infrastructure projects in Iran in line with it‘s road and belt initiative and Iran has colaborations with different international conglomerates. So Iran’s National Petrochemical Company (NPC) and the China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation (CPCIF) signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) for construction of a petrochemical park in Iran by Chinese companies. Also European companies are involved in planning and construction new plants.

And what‘s about the money for licenses?

Iranian companies like PRTC seeks innovation and development by establishing new ties with international companies. In 2017 PRTC had inked 8 memoranda of understanding (MoUs) and deals with foreign partners including chemical giants like BASF, Axens and IFP for cooperation on various petrochemical and projects. The MOU with Axens and IFP concern licensing new technologies, production of items based on the l

China an d India are the biggest trading partners of Iran.

China’s crude imports climbed to a record of 43.73 million tons of crude in April, or 10.68 million barrels a day, according to Bloomberg calculations based on data from General Administration of Customs in Beijing. That’s the most since 2010. China was a waiver. It stock up on Iranian oil before exemptions from U.S. sanctions expired on May 2 offset the effect of maintenance shutdowns by local refiners. The Chinese refineries boosted Iranian oil imports before their status changed on 2th of May, 2019, when sanctions became operative.

India is not able to abstain from Iran oil. After India received the sanctions waiver status, only state-run Indian Oil Corp, Bharat Petroleum Corp, Hindustan Petroleum and Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals have been buying Iranian oil lower than 500.000 bpd. that Iran was hoping to sell to its second-biggest oil client after China. Indian refiners raised purchases from Iran in April-October 2018, drawn to almost free shipping and extended credit offered by Tehran to boost sales and cut the Iran oil imports by 40% at about 313,400 bpd.

It normally takes 22 days for Iranian cargoes to arrive in China, so shipments are likely to drop significantly for May arrivals as observed exports from the Islamic Republic fell 67 percent in April from March.

But there is much more than oil affected by the sanctions. Iran has a viral car industrie producing about 1.1 to 1.5 mio cars yearly. The car industrie and automotive makes 10% of Iran GDP. Iran Khodro is the largest car manufacturer in the Middle-East. It has established joint-ventures with foreign partners on 4 continents. The raw materials and parts supply must be secured if Iran want to hold it‘s status in Arabia and serve the demand of cars and parts. The maintaining of the cars must be guaranteed.

An oil pipeline in the Iranian province of Khuzestan exploded yesterday Iran’s state news agency IRNA reported. The cause of the blast was accidental, according to media reports. The existing pipelines have to be maintained or explosions could become more frequently. It was the second blast in the last two months.

As Iran Business News in September 2018 reported has an Iranian petrochemical company achieved the technical know-how to make special catalysts used for gasoline production, making Iran the world’s second producer of such advanced component and helping it earn as much as $60 billion a year in export revenue. Iran is now the second country in the world, after the US, that makes such high-tech catalysts, he added, noting that 9 Iranian refineries and 11 petrochemical plants have begun to use the homegrown catalysts.The new technology helps Iran save around $1 billion each year, reduce the sale of crude oil, and reap $60 billion in profit per annum through exports, Sobhani added. He said Iran’s daily production of Euro 4 and Euro-5-compliant gasoline using domestically-made catalysts stands at 96 million liters, saying such achievement has made the country invulnerable to gasoline-related sanctions.

Catalysts are major components of gasoline isomerization process during which low-octane oil fractions are turned into high-octane commercial gasoline. Iran is in direct competition to USA in a multi billion $ market with this product.

And thats not all. The Iranian industries includes energy and petrochemicals, mining, automakers and -parts, energy and petrochemicals, banking and financial services, steel, communications, insurance, utilities and infrastructure, transportation, beverage and food, construction and building materials, retailers, pharmatceutical, industrial equipment and machinery, computers and electronics, paper and wood, shipbuilding, aerospace and defense, Internet Service Provider and telecommunication, apparel, footwear and textiles, hospitality, IT sector, ćonsumer goods, Toruism, railway and road maintaining. And of course it has its own Airline, Media and Entertainment.

If all this sectors should function the supply chain and the maintaining has to be secured. Iran will do anything to escape isolation. India has high interest to elaborate it‘s economic and political relations to Iran as India invests 6% of it‘s aid to Iran to built the harbour in Chabahar. India wants to secure with the harbour in Chabahar it‘s trade with Afghanistan without transporting goods through Pakistan. Chabahar will be also the gate to Africa. Also China is involved in infrastructure projects in Iran in line with it‘s road and belt initiative and Iran has colaborations with different international conglomerates. So Iran’s National Petrochemical Company (NPC) and the China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation (CPCIF) signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) for construction of a petrochemical park in Iran by Chinese companies. Also European companies are involved in planning and construction new plants.

And what‘s about the money for licenses?

Iranian companies like PRTC seeks innovation and development by establishing new ties with international companies. In 2017 PRTC had inked 8 memoranda of understanding (MoUs) and deals with foreign partners including chemical giants like BASF, Axens and IFP for cooperation on various petrochemical and projects. The MOU with Axens and IFP concern licensing new technologies, production of items based on the latest technologies like catalysts, absorbents and additives, cooperation in designing processes, construction of catalysts and jointly developing and marketing technical savvy in petrochemical industry.

Iran is an upcoming nation. World economic forum forecast ranking Iran on 17th with a GDP of 3.900 trio $ annually by 2050.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/12/these-will-be-the-most-powerful-economies-in-the-world-by-2050

The US administration has announced a series of new sanctions against Iran, aimed at driving its oil exports down to zero. But Iran is no less developed country and much more than oil. And USA are sanctionising not only the oil sector.

With the new US threat and the aggression of Israel Iran could feel to be forced to take action against it‘s enemies. The European nations, India and China have to decide if they support an Iran with mid range rockets and atomic bombs, rockets which can reach their mainland. China has to fight an US threat by themself. It can win an ally.

atest technologies like catalysts, absorbents and additives, cooperation in designing processes, construction of catalysts and jointly developing and marketing technical savvy in petrochemical industry.

Iran is an upcoming nation. World economic forum forecast ranking Iran on 17th with a GDP of 3.900 trio $ annually by 2050.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/12/these-will-be-the-most-powerful-economies-in-the-world-by-2050

The US administration has announced a series of new sanctions against Iran, aimed at driving its oil exports down to zero. But Iran is no less developed country and much more than oil. And USA are sanctionising not only the oil sector.

With the new US threat and the aggression of Israel Iran could feel to be forced to take action against it‘s enemies. Iran announce to start enrichment of uran and rocket tests again. This would make Iran able to build an atomic bomb. It also warns that it would attack Israel immeditaly if Israel take action against an ally of Iran or Iran itself. This could flare up civil war in Yemen. Houthis could also attack Saudi Arabia with rockets. Saudi Arabia is an ally of the USA.

The European nations, India and China have to decide if they support an Iran with mid range rockets and atomic bombs, rockets which can reach their mainland. China has to fight an US threat by itself. It can win an ally.

 

Kim Jong Un and Putin negotiating UN sanctions

North Korea‘s president Kim Jong Un and Russian president Vladimir Putin meet in Wladivostok to diskuss the relations between the two communistic countries. For North Korea it is very urgent and important to find agreements in foreign trade solutions. The situation is very difficult because the UN sanctions will change the situation by the end of 2019.

The UN sanctions to North Korea forbid wide range trading in agriculture, industrial products and also in the sector of service, maintaining in both directions. The sanctions also include the financial sector where the fincial institutes have to leave North Korea and any cooperation is forbidden. North Korea is forbidden to export seafood and to sell fishing rights. Also the transport companies of North Korea are facing sharp restrictions. UN sanctions allow only the import of food in the range that human rights are given.

North Korea has a big problem to nourish it‘s people. It was short in 2018 and will be more in 2019 if it can‘t find relief.

At least the border to North Korea is closed and international financial transactions are nearly impossible.

North Korea must also looking to develop economic ties with Russia to lessen its dependency on China. In an interview with China’s official People’s Daily Putin said: „China can’t help as it is in the middle of a trade war with the US and Kim can’t visit Beijing because he might lose face if he makes his fifth China trip.“

On 22 December of 2019 UN sanktion forbid North Koreans to work in foreign countries. There are 10,000 North Koeans working in the agricultural sector of Russia. They are doing work no Russian wants to do. They have to leave if Russia will not infringe UN sanctions. North Korea will loose mio of $ of income it‘s people earn. The situation on the food sector will get more dramatic.

The negotiation between US President Trump and North Korea‘s stopped, because USA wanted from North Korea to say uncle to it‘s atomic and rocket programm. North Korea said it would do that, if the USA will stop the sanctions against it. North Korea blow up it‘s base where it tests atomic bombs. In exchange it demands from the USA to loosen up the sanctions. But the USA denied it.

The unseccessfully negotiations between USA and North Korea will drive North Korea into the influence of Russia and China. Even if China can‘t help now are both countries friends of North Korea over decades. Also the wall between North Korea and South Korea is getting porous.

If North Korea is able to negotiate with South Korea bilateral cooperation the state of the USA in the region will get weak.

You will find the UN sanctions at:

https://www.un.org/securitycouncil/sanctions/1718

Income And Equality In Societies

At 1000 AD there were different, separated economic systems and societies on the continents of the world. Scientific data shows, that the average wealth of this different systems was equal, but inside the systems the wealth was highly different. Today, we would say that the average income per capita in all societies globally was between 500 US$ and 600 US$.

Between 1000 and 1820 the population of the world quadrupled with an increasing average income by 50% per capita globally. In Europe the income doubled that time.

Between 1820 and 2000 the population in Europe sextoples with an increasing income by factor 9. In difference to the previous periods the average between the continents become more and more differential.

Today we have high distinctions between the income and infrastructure between the continents. Africa is the poorest continent with very small infrastructure. Many african nations don‘t have any railroad. The average density of the roadsystem in Africa is 6,84km per 100km². 80% of afrikan ships are older than 15 years. There is no realtime stock exchange in Africa. There are countries which have no stock exchange at all, other deliver the stock prices one time a week.

The gloabal average income between 2011 and 2014 develops as follows:

Undeveloped Countries Emerging countries Developed Countries
In Togo

  • 580 $ (2014)
  • 530 $ (2013)
  • 500 $ (2012)
  • 560 $ (2011)
In China:

  • 7.380 $ (2014)
  • 6.560 $ (2013)
  • 5.740 $ (2012)
  • 4.930 $ (2011)
In Australien:

  • 64.680 $ (2014)
  • 65.520 $ (2013)
  • 59.570 $ (2012)
  • 46.200 $ (2010)
In Tschad:

  • 1.010 $ (2014)
  • 1.020 $ (2013)
  • 740 $ (2012)
  • 690 $ (2011)
In Brasil

  • 11.760 $ (2014)
  • 11.690 $ (2013)
  • 11.630 $ (2012)
  • 10.720 $ (2011)
In United States of America:

  • 55.200 $ (2014)
  • 53.670 $ (2013)
  • 50.120 $ (2012)
  • 48.450 $ (2011)
In Nigeria:

  • 2.950 $ (2014)
  • 2.760 $ (2013)
  • 1.430 $ (2012)
  • 1.200 $ (2011)
In India:

  • 1.610 $ (2014)
  • 1.570 $ (2013)
  • 1.530 $ (2012)
  • 1.410 $ (2011)
In Great Britain and North Ireland:

  • 42.690 $ (2014)
  • 39.110 $ (2013)
  • 38.250 $ (2012)
  • 37.780 $ (2011)
In Südafrika:

  • 6.800 $ (2014)
  • 7.190 $ (2013)
  • 7.610 $ (2012)
  • 6.960 $ (2011)
In Marokko

  • 3.020 $ (2014)
  • 3.030 $ (2013)
  • 2.940 $ (2012)
  • 2.970 $ (2011)
In Germany:

  • 47.640 $ (2014)
  • 46.100 $ (2013)
  • 44.010 $ (2012)
  • 43.980 $ (2011)

Don‘t forget that the IWF marked China and India as the first and second strongest economy globally by 2050, USA ranked at third place. Asia is the continent with the fastest growing economies world wide.

At 1000 AD the economic unequality is 100% between the continents, in 1820 it is 80% between the continents and 20% locally within the continents, today it is only 40% between the continents and 60% locally within the continents. So the economic distinctions between the continents decreases with the time. At the same time the inequalities arise more and more within the continents between the nations of a continent and at least between the people within a country. Trigger of this development is an approximation of the regimes and the forms of economy also the approximation of the knowledge that is available for the economy and education of the people.

Another trigger is the Smartphone. No other device has such a fast distribution around the world like the smart phone. Not only in the developed nations the smart phone is an exigency but also in any other society like rural countries. Even indios in the bush have a smart phone, independently if they have other devices like washers, television or refrigerators. But the smart phone makes for them the world available and with this new experience the education approximates. The smart phone is a device which makes people more equal and increases knowledge in the poor countries. The frames the internet and the smart phones delivers to the users is made by the companies of the rich and developed countries. So with the smart phones the values and doctrines of the developed countries will circularise into the emerging and the undeveloped countries creating demand in the mind of the people and forcing economic development and changing in politics.

So the economic upcoming of China and India will converge the asian, american and european cultures. The smart phone will make the different cultures and values available for anyone.

The western countries, which outsourced the production lines for trimming the costs of production to China in the 1990‘s, made this economic boom of China possible. UN data shows that India has 1,354 mio people and the population of China measures 1,415mio people. That is summarised 2,769 bio people means 36,28% of the global population. This is an enormously potential for the economy specially because wide parts of the population in China and India have a big demand for goods. If the western nations want to participate on this demand they have to think about, how to deal with the cultural differences, to integrate the systems. It makes no sense to separate for economic, politics or job reasons. The people of China and India will demand to participate on the technical possibilities the industrialisation will allow them. And this will be a very big market.

Trump, Juncker and the China Tariffs

Early this year the US president Donald Trump has imposed tariffs on washers. In March tariffs on steel and aluminuim followed. As Donald Trump threatens with tariffs on cars and other products the situation escalates.

Today Donald Trump said he wanted trade with EU without tariffs at all. But why all this stories. Tariffs up, tariffs down and escalating trade negotiations?

China is an upcoming nation with a very succesfull history. It was the largest country with the biggest economy globally until the end of the 18th century. The invention of foundry technology and mass production, paper money and the calculator are devolopments of chinese people. After the two opium wars the chinese fall.

The last 30 years chinese economy finds traction, supported by western companies which finds cheap workers in China producing goods for the west. Western countries supports the situation which delivers cheap high quality and high tech products to their stores.

China becomes the production hub of the world. But with the production, also knowledge and development finds it‘s way into chinese companies. In old tradition of discipline and endurance chinese ingenieurs began to develope their own products. China of today is the second biggest economy with the most innovative industry globally. It‘s the leading country of solar technology and the leading chip producer globally. It‘s army has carriers and is the second strong behind the army of the USA. China is on the way to build its own space station and planing landings on the moon, plays a leading role in electro vehicles and 3D printing.

But all those developments are from a country that competes to the systems of the western states. China is still a communistic nation. Differences between the western nations and China are big. Cultural cooperation between China and the western nations are still difficult. The western countries can‘t integrate easily China into their cultural system. So USA has to defend itself to keep the world‘s leadership. The situation of China is better than the situation of USA. As USA starts to impose tariffs on chinese goods the chinese starts to buy companies or plants which produce the goods they wanted to import in EU and USA. For chinese this has a doubled effect. First they circumvent the taxes. The second effect is, that they can buy new technology and patents, so they can change production technology and demand fees for the licenses. So USA strengths the control of mergers with CIFIUS.

China has a lot of people with a big domestic demand. It has capacity enough to sell it’s goods to the own people. With the big population of India in the neighborhood the demand strengthens.

Also the financial situation looks better for the chinese.

The US debt is 105,42% of GDP, personal debt is up to 134% reaching 19 trio $ as GDP is more than 20 trio $.

 

The chinese government debt to GDP ratio for 2017 increases to 47,6% the last 20 years.

But it‘s corporate debt widens dramatically, so the banks had to regulate lending conditions. Chinese has to watch it’s bad loans related to corporate lending. Both the USA and China are widening the credit gap.

The chinese answer to taxes on goods for the USA was taxes on agriculture products from the USA. So the farmers of the USA were beaten. Today Donald Trump and Jean Claude Juncker made a deal that there are no tariffs on european cars and different other european products exported from Europe to the USA and that the EU widens the import of US soya products. „Soy beans is a very big deal.“: president Donald Trump remarks at the press conference after the meeting with Jean Claude Juncker. It looks like the USA wanted to start action against China with an old ally, the Europeans. Will Europe follow the course of USA?