Schlagwort-Archive: qe

Institutional Investors conference, „Value Intelligence“, discussed strategies for the future

The biggest conference in Germany for institutional investors, „Value Intelligence“, happened in Munich this week. In this conference the institutional investors inform themselves about the possibilities to make revenue in the future and form their new strategies of their investments. Part of the attendees of the value intelligence are assecurances, banks, foundations, pensionfonds, family offices and parts of the press. Referents on this event were beside others Prof. Bruce Greenwald, Columbia Business School, New York and James Montier, GMO, London. Prof. Bruce Greenwald who former predicted that the Eurozone fall into pieces said, the Euro-Zone will exists in the future. But it would be an advantage for the poorer south states to divide from the richer north. Mr Montier doesn’t see any problem that the state adopt the debts of the crisis because the state can print money. So the state has not the same constraints like companies. The state could form it’s monetary policy more freely than the private economy. And therefore the national debt will be no problem for the economy. Systemic risk only exists in the private sector. And Prof. Greenwald confirms that the debit for the creditors have been steadily decreased for the last years. For the states the decline of the debit was much more. So Japan, where the net debt is about 150% of the GDP has with a nominal rate of 0,5%, respectively 1% rate load effective, a real rate load of 1,5% of GDP. For Montier is the state debt of Japan no problem, as long the interest rate stay lowly. The national debt is more the result of the crisis than the crisis is the result of the national debt. The quantitative easing is an instrument to control the rates. It is not inevitable that quantitave easing produce inflation. In the sight of the institutional investors the central banks don’t print money. Quantitave Easing is a big programm to change long term national debt to short term reserves at the central banks and this is no process that generates inflation. The biggest problem is that there are countries which protect their industry sector. If they conserve their structure too aggressively they could face deflation and slowing growth. They are endeavoring to export their own problems and produce more financial inequalitiy.

But the central banks can steer the rates to any level they want. If investors sell their treasuries the central bank buy them. The rate does not matter about that. They only have to obey the currency.

That is a nice new doctrine. It may be right from the vantage point of the present of the instituional investors. But what about Greece, Ukraine, Italy or the USA. What about the bankrupt Cities like Detroit and states like California, the different cities and administrative districts in Amerika and Europe which are under rescue shield?

Global crisis? Where to invest in difficult situation

The strong debts in $ are a crucial faktor for the economy of China, Japan, EU and USA. Also for the emerging markets could the strengthening US $ become critical. Japan has a debt of more than 200% of GDP. It has no other possibility as to pay the debt draw upon quantitative easing. German exports will advance with a weaker € and will be competitive with Japan that way. But EU need a common fiscal politik to get rid of the debt crisis of it’s memeber states. But without a debt crisis the parlament will not install an integrative fiscal politic.

Also USA has to decrease the debt. Total average debt per US citizen is at 192,510$, the average personal debt per US citizen is at 52,773$, both at high level. The total debt is nearly the 6-fold of the tax revenue and over 100% of GDP. Prof Larry Kotlikoff estimate the uncovered debt at a value of 220 trio $. The QE in USA helped the banks, but didn’t influence the real economy in self-sutaining way. But the assets are increasing, so the investors could be content. But the US assets are very high valued. Between 2009 and 2014 the S&P 500 increases by 85% while the global equity market increases only by 12%. The stock exchanges of the emerging markets partially decreases.

Globally the debts are increasing from 87trio$ in 2000 to 141trio$ in 2007 and 199 trio$ in the middle of 2014.

From 2008 to 2014 the cash generation in USA increases about 10 trio$, normally a very strong stimuli for the economy. Nonethless the economy slows to recession by stagnant development of prices. Additionally the prices for commodities did fall in the last year. If there would be a strong demand the prices would increase. Falling commodity prices are also a sign for a slowing industry.

Measured on price-earnings ratio the stock exchange was only more high-priced at the end of the 1990th and in the year 1929. Both dates are warning signs for a crash scenario.

Investors have high sentiment, assets are increasing but the transport sector slows. A booming industry needs goods and where goods are needed the goods have to be transported. A slowing transport sector is a sign for slowing economy. And industry is producing for their stocks which increases the offer by slowing demand. The industry prices are falling since 4 months. Further the strong US $ will decrease the export. This could influence the consumer prices. US economy is still stagnant even though the US weapon industry booms. The US stimuli for the economy had no sustainable grip in the economy and the labor market, So FED will not increase the rate and slowing profits were often the reason for crisis. The PMI of USA decreased from 57.9 to 51.5. The profit of the large corporates for 2014 decreases compared yty.

We had in 2014 in USA a very good year for IPO’s. Benessaince Capital declared that 273 companies delivered 84.9 bio$. The best sentiment for IPO’s is always at the end of a boom, because investors have a lot of money to invest. Carry trades, margin debt and lombard credits in February 2015 obtained 465 bio $. A very high level and no problem as long as the stock exchanges are booming. But if the market slows the broker will find no more money and has to close his positions. That could turn into a sharp drop at the indizes.

So there are some reasons not to invest broadly in the US economy. Also the EU and China has to be obeyed carefully to find the right values to invest. Africa, which economies which have high GDP growth, is political very unstable, so the investment in African states have to be very well-considered and China has it’s fight against the housing bubble, slowing economy and the consequential mortgage crisis. Investors should think about conservative investments like pharmacy or foodstoff like Nestle or Fronterra. Another niche could be industry values related to the US arms industry, because the Arabien states and Israel are buying high value of US weapons for their fight against Al Qaeda and other rebels. So Israel bought for 1,87 bio$ weapons

The strong debts in $ are a crucial faktor for the economy of China, Japan, EU and USA. Also for the emerging markets could the strengthening US $ become critical. Japan has a debt of more than 200% of GDP. It has no other possibility as to pay the debt draw upon quantitative easing. German exports will advance with a weaker € and will be competitive with Japan that way. But EU need a common fiscal politik to get rid of the debt crisis of it’s memeber states. But without a debt crisis the parlament will not install an integrative fiscal politic.

Also USA has to decrease the debt. Total average debt per US citizen is at 192,510$, the average personal debt per US citizen is at 52,773$, both at high level. The total debt is nearly the 6-fold of the tax revenue and over 100% of GDP. Prof Larry Kotlikoff estimate the uncovered debt at a value of 220 trio $. The QE in USA helped the banks, but didn’t influence the real economy in self-sutaining way. But the assets are increasing, so the investors could be content. So the US assets are very high valued. Between 2009 and 2014 the S&P 500 increases by 85% while the global equity market increases only by 12%. The stock exchanges of the emerging markets partially decreases.

Globally the debts are increasing from 87trio$ in 2000 to 141trio$ in 2007 and 199 trio$ in the middle of 2014.

From 2008 to 2014 the cash generation in USA increases about 10 trio$, normally a very strong stimuli for the economy. Nonethless the economy slows to recession by stagnant development of prices. Additionally the prices for commodities did fall in the last year. If there would be a strong demand the prices would increase. Falling commodity prices are also a sign for a slowing industry.

Measured on price-earnings ratio the stock exchange was only more high-priced at the end of the 1990th and in the year 1929. Both dates are warning signs for a crash scenario.

Investors have high sentiment, assets are increasing but the transport sector slows. A booming industry needs goods and where goods are needed the goods have to be transported. A slowing transport sector is a sign for slowing economy. And industry is producing for their stocks which increases the offer by slowing demand. The industry prices are falling since 4 months. Further the strong US $ will decrease the export. This could influence the consumer prices. US economy is still stagnant even though the US weapon industry booms. The US stimuli for the economy had no sustainable grip in the economy and the labor market, So FED will not increase the rate and slowing profits were often the reason for crisis. The PMI of USA decreased from 57.9 to 51.5. The profit of the large corporates for 2014 decreases compared yty.

We had in 2014 in USA a very good year for IPO’s. Benessaince Capital declared that 273 companies delivered 84.9 bio$. The best sentiment for IPO’s is always at the end of a boom, because investors have a lot of money to invest. Carry trades, margin debt and lombard credits in February 2015 obtained 465 bio $. A very high level and no problem as long as the stock exchanges are booming. But if the market slows the broker will find no more money and has to close his positions. That could turn into a sharp drop at the indizes.

So there are some reasons not to invest broadly in the US economy. Also the EU and China has to be obeyed carefully to find the right values to invest. Africa, which economies which have high GDP growth, is political very unstable, so the investment in African states have to be very well-considered and China has it’s fight against the housing bubble, slowing economy and the consequential mortgage crisis. Investors should think about conservative investments like pharmacy or foodstoff like Nestle or Fronterra. Another niche could be industry values related to the US arms industry, because the Arabien states and Israel are buying high value of US weapons for their fight against Al Qaeda and other rebels. So Israel bought for 1,87 bio$ weapons from USA incl bunker-buster-bombs and anti-air missiles. Saudi Arabia bought 10 Seahawk helicopters and 100 Hellfire rockets. And Qatar made a 11bio$ weapon deal with the USA. And Russia has it’s fight with the sanctions. But if Russia can handle the sanctions it could be also worht to think about a awell-considered investment,  because the values had a big drop and could turn up.

See also:

http://fritzfische.de/finance/?p=14